draußen zu bleiben. Aber nun stoßen die Amischen aufs Internet. Mitglieder einer Amisch-Gemeinde in Pennsylvania. Die Kleiderordnung. USA Pennyslvania Lancaster - Amische Community Zusammen mit der amischen Tradition, die die religiöse Dimension des Bezirks prägt. Glaube, Werte und Traditionen der Amischen. Das Leben in der Amischen Gesellschaft - Didaktik / Englisch - Landeskunde - Facharbeit - ebook 0,-.
Zeit zurückgedreht: Sehen, wie Amish in Pennsylvania lebenUSA Pennyslvania Lancaster - Amische Community Zusammen mit der amischen Tradition, die die religiöse Dimension des Bezirks prägt. Glaube, Werte und Traditionen der Amischen. Das Leben in der Amischen Gesellschaft - Didaktik / Englisch - Landeskunde - Facharbeit - ebook 0,-. Amische findet man in 28 Staaten der USA (Erhebung aus ). Besonders empfehlenswert ist der Besuch einer Siedlung der Amish People in Pennsylvania.
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All'atto della riforma protestante furono tre i pensatori che si staccarono dalla chiesa di Roma: Lutero in Germania , Calvino a Ginevra e Ulrico Zwingli a Zurigo.
Dal punto di vista allora corrente, infatti, non battezzare un bambino equivaleva a esporlo al rischio di "morte eterna": privo di battesimo , infatti, non sarebbe potuto mai entrare in Paradiso e la Grazia di Dio gli sarebbe rimasta preclusa.
Come conseguenza vi fu una grave persecuzione corale, sia di tutto il movimento cattolico che delle tre chiese protestanti. I gruppi che aveva unito presero spunto dal suo nome e si chiamarono, da allora in poi, Mennoniti.
Nel venne stilata la Confessione di Fede di Dordrecht , cui si ispirarono e fondarono le credenze e pratiche religiose amish, che li guidano agli inizi del ventunesimo secolo.
Fondamentalmente sono:. I difficili inizi della chiesa portarono l'abitudine di officiare il culto nelle case private e non in luoghi pubblici come le chiese.
William Penn fu il nobile erede di cospicui privilegi aristocratici nell'Inghilterra della restaurazione post- Cromwell.
La sua famiglia, infatti, aveva sostenuto attivamente ed economicamente Re Carlo nella sua riconquista al trono. William era venuto a contatto nel in Irlanda , con il movimento Quacchero.
Il Quaccherismo si inscriveva nel largo filone delle "Chiese Libere" e degli Anabattisti ne subiva altrettanto le persecuzioni.
Penn, in linea con analoghi esperimenti, volle creare un differente modo di vivere, basato sul rispetto e sulla amorevole collaborazione tra persone differenti, rese uguali dall'atto creativo di Dio.
In tal senso "le persone" non furono solo gli altri cristiani, ma anche le popolazioni indiane residenti. Verso il alcuni gruppi di amish seguirono il sogno della colonia di Penn e la raggiunsero.
Si stabilirono per la maggior parte in Pennsylvania , dove hanno la presenza maggiore. Guerre, persecuzioni e carestie spinsero altri amish a lasciare l' Europa per riunirsi con i gruppi Americani.
Solo pochi si diressero in Pennsylvania. Gli amish si trovarono suddivisi in quattro gruppi: tre progressisti e uno conservatore.
Quest'ultimo prese nome di "amish del Vecchio Ordine" circa 5. Gli altri si chiamarono amish mennoniti. Nel Novecento i gruppi amish si trovarono al centro di ulteriori contrasti con gli Stati Uniti e con il Canada.
Until the early 20th century, Old Order Amish identity was not linked to the use of technologies, as the Old Order Amish and their rural neighbors used the same farm and household technologies.
Questions about the use of technologies also did not play a role in the Old Order division of the second half of the 19th century. Telephones were the first important technology that was rejected, soon followed by the rejection of cars, tractors, radios, and many other technological inventions of the 20th century.
This is incorrect, according to a report by Canadian Mennonite magazine: . The customs of Old Order Mennonites, the Amish communities and Old Colony Mennonites have a number of similarities, but the cultural differences are significant enough so that members of one group would not feel comfortable moving to another group.
The Old Order Mennonites and Amish have the same European roots and the language spoken in their homes is the same German dialect.
Two key concepts for understanding Amish practices are their rejection of Hochmut pride, arrogance, haughtiness and the high value they place on Demut humility and Gelassenheit calmness, composure, placidity , often translated as "submission" or "letting-be".
Gelassenheit is perhaps better understood as a reluctance to be forward, to be self-promoting, or to assert oneself.
The Amish's willingness to submit to the "Will of Jesus ", expressed through group norms, is at odds with the individualism so central to the wider American culture.
The Amish anti-individualist orientation is the motive for rejecting labor-saving technologies that might make one less dependent on the community.
Modern innovations such as electricity might spark a competition for status goods, or photographs might cultivate personal vanity.
Electric power lines would be going against the Bible, which says that you shall not be "conformed to the world" Romans Amish lifestyle is regulated by the Ordnung "order" ,  which differs slightly from community to community and from district to district within a community.
What is acceptable in one community may not be acceptable in another. The Ordnung is agreed upon — or changed — within the whole community of baptized members prior to Communion which takes place two times a year.
The Ordnung include matters such as dress, permissible uses of technology, religious duties, and rules regarding interaction with outsiders.
In these meetings, women also vote in questions concerning the Ordnung. Bearing children, raising them, and socializing with neighbors and relatives are the greatest functions of the Amish family.
Amish typically believe that large families are a blessing from God. Farm families tend to have larger families, because sons are needed to perform farm labor.
Working hard is considered godly, and some technological advancements have been considered undesirable because they reduce the need for hard work.
Machines such as automatic floor cleaners in barns have historically been rejected as this provides young farmhands with too much free time.
The Amish are known for their plain attire. Men wear solid colored shirts, broad-brimmed hats, and suits that signify similarity amongst one another.
Amish men grow beards to symbolize manhood and marital status, as well as to promote humility.
They are forbidden to grow mustaches because mustaches are seen by the Amish as being affiliated with the military, which they are strongly opposed to, due to their pacifist beliefs.
Women have similar guidelines on how to dress, which are also expressed in the Ordnung , the Amish version of legislation. They are to wear calf-length dresses, muted colors along with bonnets and aprons.
Prayer caps or bonnets are worn by the women because they are a visual representation of their religious beliefs and promote unity through the tradition of every women wearing one.
The color of the bonnet signifies whether a woman is single or married. Single women wear black bonnets and married women wear white.
The color coding of bonnets is important because women are not allowed to wear jewelry, such as wedding rings, as it is seen as drawing attention to the body which can induce pride in the individual.
The New Order Amish are slightly more progressive and allow the usage of buttons to help attire clothing. Amish cuisine is noted for its simplicity and traditional qualities.
Food plays an important part in Amish social life and is served at potlucks , weddings, fundraisers, farewells, and other events.
Many Amish communities have also established restaurants for visitors. Amish meat consumption is similar to the American average though they tend to eat more preserved meat.
Over the years, the Amish churches have divided many times mostly over questions concerning the Ordnung, but also over doctrinal disputes, mainly about shunning.
The largest group, the "Old Order" Amish, a conservative faction that separated from other Amish in the s, are those who have most emphasized traditional practices and beliefs.
About 40 different Old Order Amish affiliations are known; the eight major affiliations are below, with Lancaster as the largest one in number of districts and population: .
The table below indicates the use of certain technologies by different Amish affiliations. The use of cars is not allowed by any Old and New Order Amish, nor are radio, television, or in most cases the use of the Internet.
The three affiliations: "Lancaster", "Holmes Old Order", and "Elkhart-LaGrange" are not only the three largest affiliations, but they also represent the mainstream among the Old Order Amish.
The most conservative affiliations are above, the most modern ones below. Technologies used by very few are on the left; the ones used by most are on the right.
The percentage of all Amish who use a technology is also indicated approximately. According to one scholar, "today, almost all Amish are functionally bilingual in Pennsylvania Dutch and English; however, domains of usage are sharply separated.
Pennsylvania Dutch dominates in most in-group settings, such as the dinner table and preaching in church services.
In contrast, English is used for most reading and writing. English is also the medium of instruction in schools and is used in business transactions and often, out of politeness, in situations involving interactions with non-Amish.
Finally, the Amish read prayers and sing in Standard German which, in Pennsylvania Dutch, is called Hochdeitsch [a] at church services.
The distinctive use of three different languages serves as a powerful conveyor of Amish identity. The Amish largely share a German or Swiss - German ancestry.
However some Amish descendants recognize their cultural background knowing that their genetic and cultural traits are uniquely different from other ethnicities.
Certain Mennonite churches have a high number of people who were formerly from Amish congregations. Although more Amish immigrated to North America in the 19th century than during the 18th century, most of today's Amish descend from 18th-century immigrants.
The latter tended to emphasize tradition to a greater extent, and were perhaps more likely to maintain a separate Amish identity. Several other groups, called " para-Amish " by G.
Waldrep and others, share many characteristics with the Amish, such as horse and buggy transportation, plain dress , and the preservation of the German language.
The members of these groups are largely of Amish origin, but they are not in fellowship with other Amish groups because they adhere to theological doctrines e.
The Bergholz Community is a different case, it is not seen as Amish anymore because the community has shifted away from many core Amish principles. Because the Amish are usually baptized no earlier than 18 and children are not counted in local congregation numbers, estimating their numbers is difficult.
Rough estimates from various studies placed their numbers at , in , , in , and , in During that time, they established new settlements and moved into six new states.
In , a few religious bodies, including the Amish, changed the way their adherents were reported to better match the standards of the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies.
United States is the home to the overwhelming majority In , Old Order communities were present in 31 U. The largest concentration of Amish west of the Mississippi River is in Missouri, with other settlements in eastern Iowa and southeast Minnesota.
Because of the rapid population growth of the Amish communities, new settlements in the United States are being established each year, thus: 17 new settlementes were established in , 20 in , 18 in , 26 in and 10 by mid The adjacent table shows the eight states with the largest Amish population in the years , , , and Increasing land prices in Ontario had reportedly limited the ability of members in those communities to purchase new farms.
In , an Amish settlement was founded in Manitoba near Stuartburn. The majority of Old Order settlements are located in Bolivia.
In Europe, no split occurred between Old Order Amish and Amish Mennonites; like the Amish Mennonites in North America, the European Amish assimilated into the Mennonite mainstream during the second half of the 19th century through the first decades of the 20th century.
Eventually, they dropped the word "Amish" from the names of their congregations and lost their Amish identity and culture.
The last European Amish congregation joined the Mennonites in in Ixheim, today part of Zweibrücken in the Palatinate region.
Only a few hundred outsiders, so-called seekers, [ citation needed ] have ever joined the Amish. Since , only some 75 non-Anabaptist people have joined and remained lifelong members of the Amish.
Two whole Christian communities have joined the Amish: The church at Smyrna, Maine , one of the five Christian Communities of Elmo Stoll after Stoll's death   and the church at Manton, Michigan , which belonged to a community that was founded by Harry Wanner — , a minister of Stauffer Old Order Mennonite background.
Most of the members of these two para-Amish communities originally came from Plain churches , i. More people have tested Amish life for weeks, months, or even years, but in the end decided not to join.
Others remain close to the Amish, but never think of joining. Stephen Scott , himself a convert to the Old Order River Brethren , distinguishes four types of seekers:.
Amish populations have higher incidences of particular conditions, including dwarfism ,  Angelman syndrome ,  and various metabolic disorders ,  as well as an unusual distribution of blood types.
The Amish are aware of the advantages of exogamy , but for religious reasons, marry only within their communities. When a child is born with a disorder, it is accepted into the community and tasked with chores within their ability.
De vergaderingen waren een progressief idee; bisschoppen die vanuit heel Amerika naar een conferentie samen kwamen om eenheid te bespreken was nieuw voor de amish.
Na de eerste vergaderingen besloten de traditionele bisschoppen in deze conferenties verder te boycotten, omdat ze vonden dat hun zorgen onvoldoende werden gehoord.
De progressievere leden, ongeveer twee derde van de volksverhuizers, werden later bekend onder de naam amish-mennonieten en hebben zich uiteindelijk verenigd met de doopsgezinde kerk en andere doopsgezinde denominaties.
Dit gebeurde vooral aan het begin van de twintigste eeuw. De meer traditioneel ingestelde groepen werden bekend als de Old Order Amish.
In Europa volgden de amish-gemeenten dezelfde weg als de amish-mennonieten in Noord-Amerika; ze gingen op in de mennonitische kerkgenootschappen.
De laatste amish-gemeente in Duitsland fuseerde met de naburige doopsgezinde kerk in Sommige doopsgezinde gemeenten, waaronder de meeste in de Elzas, stammen rechtstreeks af van voormalige amish-gemeenten.
Bij de amish zijn religie, waarden en traditie onlosmakelijk verbonden met het dagelijkse leven. Hun geloof wordt meer geleefd dan besproken.
Het dagelijks leven is nauw verweven met het geloof; het kerkelijke, sociale en familieleven vallen vrijwel samen. Hierdoor ligt de nadruk niet op de theologie , maar op de praktijk van het geloof.
Aan deze praktijk ligt wel een duidelijke doctrine ten grondslag. De kern is de verlossingsleer die gefundeerd is op het anabaptisme.
God is de enige die beslist over het lot, of een mens uiteindelijk in de hel of de hemel komt. Een vroom en deugdzaam leven helpt wel, maar is niet beslissend.
De amish geloven op basis van de Bijbel dat de mens ten diepste slecht is en de afstand tussen God en mens groot.
Deze afstand blijkt uit hun strakke kerkliturgie. De traditie van het werpen van het lot geeft uiting aan de immanentie van God als uitdrukking van Zijn wil.
De amish zien een groot onderscheid tussen zichzelf en de slechte wereld, waarin de moderniteit tot verdorvenheid heeft geleid.
Soberheid, een eenvoudig leersysteem, ontheffing van de leerplichtwet en pacifisme zijn echter ideaal.
De plaats van het individu in het grote geheel is klein. In deze gemeenschapsreligie bepalen ouders wat kinderen doen, de groep bepaalt hoe men moet leven, en als individu moet je je daarin voegen.
Een uitzondering hierop is de rumspringa. Erediensten worden eenmaal per twee weken gehouden bij een van de leden thuis, ze duren in het algemeen drie tot vier uur.
Er worden twee preken gehouden, een lange en een korte. Fragen über Fragen, da wir auf unser Google Suche lediglich immer über einzelne Artikel gestolpert sind, wollten wir alle Informationen auf einer Seite bündeln, und hier sehen Sie das Ergebnis.
Haben wir falsche Infos, Wissen Sie mehr oder etwas besser? Dann freuen wir uns wenn Sie uns das mitteilen, denn dann können wir unsere Seite besser werden lassen.
Zum Beispiel im Handel mit Ihren Waren. Ihre Wurzeln sind in der reformatorischen Täuferbewegung Mitteleuropas zu finden, vor allem in Süddeutschland und der Schweiz.
Die Täufer nennt man auch Mennoniten, von diesen Trennten sich die Amische Zahlen von zeigen das rund Ganz besonders ist typisch für Amische das Sie moderne Technik ablehnen, und Neuerungen jeder Art ganz sorgfältig prüfen bevor diese eingesetzt werden.
Das fällt besonders in Ihrer Arbeit auf, die Landwirtschaft könnte wesentlich einfacher betrieben werden, doch das lehnen Amische ab. Ebenfalls typisch für Amish People : Sie wollen unter sich sein.
Everyone needs to take a break, for me it is in my head with myself. For I am out to conquer the world. For me jewelry has to be beautiful for life is meant to be beautiful.
It has to be joy to my eyes, its origins and history need to be a literary masterpiece, to add a story to my repertoire, a story I want to wear on me wherever I go so I am reminded of the complexities of the human mind, the intricacies of art, and the beauty of creation, not mass produced but just for me, uniquely for me.